Vaccine Development and Manufacturing
Vaccine Manufacturing and Production is an invaluable reference on how to produce a vaccine - from beginning to end - addressing all classes of vaccines from a processing, production, and regulatory viewpoint. It will provide comprehensive information on the various fields involved in the production of vaccines, from fermentation, purification, formulation, to regulatory filing and facility designs. In recent years, there have been tremendous advances in all aspects of vaccine manufacturing. Improved technology and growth media have been developed for the production of cell culture with high cell density or fermentation. Vaccine Manufacturing and Production will serve as a reference on all aspects of vaccine production by providing an in-depth description of the available technologies for making different types of vaccines and the current thinking in facility designs and supply issues. This book will provide insight to the issues scientists face when producing a vaccine, the steps that are involved, and will serve as a reference tool regarding state-of-the-art vaccine manufacturing technologies and facility set-up. Highlights include: * Comprehensive coverage of vaccine production : from a process point of view- fermentation to purification to formulation developments; from a production point of view - from facility design to manufacturing; and from a regulatory point of view - requirements from government agencies * Authors from different major pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies * Describes the challenges and issues involved in vaccine production and manufacturing of the different classes of vaccines, an area not covered by other books currently on the market.
During the past decades, enormous progress and enhancement of pharmaceutical manufacturing equipment and its use have been made. And while there are support documents, books, articles, and online resources available on the principles of cleaning and associated processing techniques, none of them provides a single database with convenient, ready-to-use training tools. Until now. Cleaning Validation Manual: A Comprehensive Guide for the Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology Industrieselucidates how to train the man power involved in development, manufacturing, auditing, and validation of bio pharmaceuticals on a pilot scale, leading to scale-up production.
With over 20 easy-to-use template protocols for cleaning validation of extensively used equipments, this book provides technical solutions to assist in fulfilling the training needs of finished pharmaceutical manufacturers. Drawing on the authors’ more than two decades of experience in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries, the text offers hands-on training based on current approaches and techniques. The book does not merely provide guidelines or thought processes, rather it gives ready-to-use formulas to develop Master Plan, SOPs, and validation protocols. It includes cleaning procedures for the most commonly used equipment in various manufacturing areas and their sampling points, using a pharmaceutical manufacturing site with both sterile and non-sterile operations as the case facility. It also provides the training guidelines on a CD-ROM to enable users to amend or adopt them as necessary.
Grounded in practicality, the book’s applicability and accessibility set it apart. It can be used as a guide for implementing a cleaning validation program on site without the help of external consultants, making it a resource that will not be found collecting dust on a shelf, but rather, referred to again and again.
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are currently the major class of protein bio therapeutic being developed by biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. Monoclonal Antibodies discusses the challenges and issues revolving around development of a monoclonal antibody produced by recombinant DNA technology into a therapeutic agent.This book covers downstream processing which includes design of processes to manufacture the formulation, formulation design, fill and finish into closure systems and routes of administration. The characterization of the final drug product is covered where the use of biophysical methods combined with genetic engineering is used to understand the solution properties of the formulation. The latter has become very important since many indications such as arthritis and asthma require the development of formulations for subcutaneous delivery (SC). The development of formulations for IV delivery is also important and comes with a different set of challenges. The challenges and strategies that can overcome these limitations are discussed in this book, starting with an introduction to these issues, followed by chapters detailing strategies to deal with them. Subsequent chapters explore the processing and storage of mAbs, development of delivery device technologies and conclude with a chapter on the future of mAbs in therapeutic remedies.
· Discusses the challenges to develop MAbs for intravenous (IV) and subcutaneous delivery (SC)
· Presents strategies to meet the challenges in development of MAbs for SC and IV administration
· Discusses the use of biophysical analytical tools coupled with MAb engineering to understand what governs MAb properties at high concentration
Novel Approaches and Strategies for Biologics, Vaccines and Cancer Therapies takes a look at the current strategies, successes and challenges involved with the development of novel formulations of biologics, vaccines and cancer therapy. This thorough reference on the latest trends in the development of diverse modalities will appeal to a broad community of scientists, students and clinicians. Written by leading authors across academia and industry, this book covers important topics such as unique drug delivery devices, non-parenteral delivery trends, novel approaches to the treatment of cancer, immunotherapy and more. It includes real-world cases and examples which highlight formulations with therapeutic proteins, monoclonal antibodies, peptides and biobetters, as well as cases on novel vaccines formulations including evolving pathogens, novel modalities of vaccines, universal vaccines. This book is a thorough and useful resource on the development of novel biologics, vaccines and cancer therapies.
· Provides strategies for the development of safe and efficacious novel formulations for various modalities of biologics, vaccines and for cancer therapy
· Highlights novel cases from current clinical trials as well as marketed products
· Reviews overall successes and challenges in the development of novel formulations, including new molecular targets for the treatment of diseases, design of target-specific therapies, regulatory considerations, individualized therapies
This volume explores the application of Quality by Design (QbD) to biopharmaceutical drug product development. Twenty-eight comprehensive chapters cover dosage forms, liquid and lyophilized drug products. The introductory chapters of this book define key elements of QbD and examine how these elements are integrated into drug product development. These chapters also discuss lessons learned from the FDA Office of Biotechnology Products pilot program. Following chapters demonstrate how QbD is used for formulation development ranging from screening of formulations to developability assessment to development of lyophilized and liquid formats. The next few chapters study the use of small-scale and surrogate models as well as QbD application to drug product processes such as drug substance freezing and thawing, mixing, sterile filtration, filling, lyophilization, inspection and shipping and handling.
Later chapters describe more specialized applications of QbD in the drug product realm. This includes the use of QbD in primary containers, devices and combination product development. The volume also explores QbD applied to vaccine development, automation, mathematical modeling and monitoring, and controlling processes and defining control strategies. It concludes with a discussion on the application of QbD to drug product technology transfer as well as overall regulatory considerations and lifecycle management. Quality by Design for Biopharmaceutical Drug Product Development is an authoritative resource for scientists and researchers interested in expanding their knowledge on QbD principles and uses in creating better drugs.
Failure to adequately control any microbial challenge associated within process or product by robust sterilisation will result in a contaminated marketed product, with potential harm to the patient. Sterilisation is therefore of great importance to healthcare and the manufacturers of medical devices and pharmaceuticals. Sterility, sterilisation and sterility assurance for pharmaceuticals examines different means of rendering a product sterile by providing an overview of sterilisation methods including heat, radiation and filtration. The book outlines and discusses sterilisation technology and the biopharmaceutical manufacturing process, including aseptic filling, as well as aspects of the design of containers and packaging, as well as addressing the cleanroom environments in which products are prepared. Consisting of 18 chapters, the book comprehensively covers sterility, sterilisation and microorganisms; pyrogenicity and bacterial endotoxins; regulatory requirements and good manufacturing practices; and gamma radiation. Later chapters discuss e-beam; dry heat sterilisation; steam sterilisation; sterilisation by gas; vapour sterilisation; and sterile filtration, before final chapters analyse depyrogenation; cleanrooms; aseptic processing; media simulation; biological indicators; sterility testing; auditing; and new sterilisation techniques.
· Covers the main sterilisation methods of physical removal, physical alteration and inactivation
· Includes discussion of medical devices, aseptically filled products and terminally sterilised products
· Describes bacterial, pyrogenic, and endotoxin risks to devices and products